入管業務に特化、東京でビザ申請なら

TN行政書士事務所

東京都新宿区新宿1-30-4 OSビル6階

対応エリア:新宿、大久保、四谷、池袋、千代田区、渋谷区、港区など東京都内・埼玉県

受付時間   :10:00~19:00(土日祝祭日は予約制)

無料メール相談実施中
お気軽にお問合せください

Status of Residence - Family Relationship

A holder of the following status of residence is permitted to engage in any kind of working activities.

Spouse or Child of Japanese National

  • Applicants: 
    The spouses of Japanese nationals, the children specially adopted by Japanese nationals, or those born as the children of Japanese nationals.

    * This status of residence is also applicable for a child born outside Japan.
    * Either the father or mother is Japanese national at the time of birth, this status of residence will be granted to a child.
    * If the father or mother becomes a Japanese national by naturalization after the child's birth, the status of residence of the child is "Long Term Resident".
    * Only specially adopted child is eligible to acquire this status of residence.
    * The illegitimate acknowledged child is eligible to acquire this status of residence.

    * The common-law partner is not eligible to acquire this status of residence.
    * The foreign spouse and his/her spouse should live together unless there are special circumstances.
     
  • Period of Stay:
    5 years, 3 years, 1 year, or 6 months

(※) Case of Divorce 

Spouse or Child of Permanent Resident

  • Applicants: 
    The spouses of those who stay with the status of residence of "Permanent Resident" or "Special Permanent Resident", those born as children of a "Permanent Resident" or "Special Permanent Resident" in Japan who has been residing in Japan after the birth.

    * If a child is born outside Japan, the "Long-Term Resident" status will be granted.
    * If a child is born in Japan, and the application is filed within 30 days after birth, the "Permanent Resident" status will likely be granted.
    * An adopted child is not eligible to acquire this status of residence.
    * The illegitimate acknowledged child is eligible to acquire this status of residence.
    * If father or mother of a child loses his/her "Permanent Resident" status after the child is born or acquires this status of residence, the child can continuously maintain this status of residence.
    * If father or mother of a child obtains the "Permanent Resident" status, the child is eligible to change the status of residence to the "Spouse or Child of the Permanent Residence" status. However, in practice, it is desirable to file an application for permanent residency in Japan by a whole family.

    * The common-law partner is not eligible to acquire this status of residence.
    * The foreigner and his/her spouse should live together unless there are special circumstances.
    * If his/her spouse obtains the "Permanent Resident" status, he/she is eligible to change the status of residence to the "Spouse or Child of the Permanent Residence" status. However, in practice, it is desirable to file an application simultaneously for permanent residency in Japan.
      
  • Period of Stay:
    5 years, 3 years, 1 year, or 6 months

(※) Case of Divorce 

Long-Term Resident

  • Applicants: 
    Foreigners who are authorized to reside in Japan with designation of a period of stay by the Minister of Justice in consideration of special circumstances.
     
  • Period of Stay:
    5 years, 3 years, 1 year, or 6 months

Details of 'Long-Term Resident'

This type of status of residence is granted to those who are authorized to reside in Japan for a period of stay designated by the Minister of Justice in consideration of special circumstances (for example, second/third generation of Japanese descent, etc.). 

For a foreigner applying the permission for landing with this status of residence, he/she is required to satisfy any of the following circumstances.

Item 1

A refugee from Myanmar with the condition of being temporarily protected in Thailand

Item 3

A foreigner is a child of a Japanese national, and is with good behavior (Second or Third generation of Japanese descent).

  • An applicant needs to submit the 'Police Certificate' in order to show he/she is with good behavior.
Item 4

A foreigner is a grandchild of a Japanese national in the past, and is with good behavior (Third generation of Japanese descent).

  • An applicant needs to submit the 'Police Certificate' in order to show he/she is with good behavior.
Item 5

A foreigner satisfying any of the following circumstances:

  1. A spouse of a foreigner holding the status of 'Spouse or Child of Japanese National', and the foreigner was born as a child of Japanese national (A spouse of Second generation of Japanese descent),
     
  2. A spouse of a foreigner holding the status of 'Long-Term Resident' with its period of stay of 1 year or more, or
     
  3. A spouse of a foreigner holding the status of 'Long-Term Resident' with its period of stay of 1 year or more, and who is with good behavior, and who falls under the Item 3 or Item 4.
    • An applicant needs to submit the 'Police Certificate' in order to show he/she is with good behavior.
Item 6

A foreigner satisfying any of the following circumstances:

  1. An unmarried minor who is receiving support from a Japanese national, or a foreigner holding the status of 'Permanent Resident' or 'Special Permanent Resident',
     
  2. An unmarried minor who is receiving support from a foreigner holding the status of 'Long-Term Resident' with its period of stay of 1 year or more,
     
  3. An unmarried minor who is receiving support from a foreigner holding the status of 'Long-Term Resident' with its period of stay of 1 year or more, and who is with good behavior, and who falls under the Item 3, Item 4 or Item 5-3, or
    • An applicant needs to submit the 'Police Certificate' in order to show he/she is with good behavior.
  4. An married minor who is a child of a spouse holding the status of 'Spouse or Child of Japanese National' or 'Spouse or Child of Permanent Resident' as a spouse of Japanese national, a foreigner holding the status of 'Permanent Resident' ('Special Permanent Resident'), or a foreigner holding the status of 'Long-Term Resident' with its period of stay of 1 year or more.
Item 7

A foreigner is an adapted child under 6 years old of any of the followings:

  1. Japanese national,
     
  2. A foreigner holding the status of 'Permanent Resident',
     
  3. A foreigner holding the status of 'Long-Term Resident' with its period of stay of 1 year or more, or
     
  4. A foreigner holding the status of 'Special Permanent Resident'.
Item 8

Japanese nationals remaining in China after the War, etc.

 

Change status from 'Dependent' to 'Long-Term Resident' 
Fourth Generation of Japanese Descent
How to Get a Police Certificate

Change of Circumstances for Item 6 & 7

Guidelines for Permission for Change of Status of Residence and Extension of Period of Stay (Extract) 

"Some activities or positions require applicants to conform to certain requirements, such as age or dependent status. Some applicants are no longer likely to conform to those requirements due to change of circumstances after they enter Japan, for example, in cases where the circumstances in which they grew up or the circumstances that made them defendants have ceased to exist. However, such non-conformance will not immediately result in denial of permission for extension of period of stay."


For a foreigner currently residing in Japan and applying this status of residence, the determination of permission is made by the Minister of Justice in consideration of special circumstances.

  • In principle, the change of status of residence from any 'Working Visa' to 'Long-Term Resident (no restriction in terms of the scope of activities)' is not allowed.
     

  • Cases which may be granted the permission are mostly the change of status of residence from the status of family members such as the 'Spouse or Child of Japanese National'.

Status of Family Members vs Permanent Residence

Both the "Permanent Residence" and these statuses of residence are not subjected to any restriction in terms of the scope of his/her working activities; however, these statuses of residence are subjected to a period of stay of a limited duration

Number of New Entrants by Status of Residence

Spouse of Japanese National (Top 10 Countries in 2017)

1. China 2. Philippines 3. Thailand 4. Vietnam 5. Korea
2,134
(29%)

1,656
(22%)

592
(8%)
449
(6%)
339
(5%)
6. Brazil 7. USA 8. Taiwan 9. Indonesia 10. UK
331
(4%)
319
(4%)
199
(3%)
142
(2%)
104
(1%)
(   ): Component Ratio

Child of Japanese National (Top 10 Countries in 2017)

1. Brazil 2. Philippines 3. USA 4. China 5. Peru
1,803
(71%)

282
(11%)

115
(5%)
82
(3%)
63
(2%)
6. Paraguay 7. Bolivia 8. Indonesia 9. Canada 10. UK
35
(1%)
28
(1%)
20
(1%)
13
(1%)
12
(0.5%)
(   ): Component Ratio

Spouse or Child of PR (Top 10 Countries in 2017)

PR: Permanent Resident
1. China 2. Philippines 3. Brazil 4. Vietnam 5. Peru
1,132
(52%)

249
(11%)

135
(6%)
132
(6%)
63
(3%)
6. Pakistan 7. Thailand 8. Nepal 9. Korea 10. Bangladesh
57
(3%)
52
(2%)

51
(2%)

42
(2%)
34
(2%)
(   ): Component Ratio

Long-Term Resident (Top 10 Countries in 2017)

1. Brazil 2. Philippines 3. China 4. Peru 5. Vietnam
9,891
(61%)

2,534
(16%)

1,950
(12%)
563
(3%)
235
(1%)
6. Bolivia 7. Indonesia 8. Thailand 9. Pakistan 10. Myanmar
182
(1%)
147
(1%)

115
(1%)

93
(1%)
77
(0.5%)
(   ): Component Ratio

More Statistics