Permanent Resident: Foreigners who wish to maintain their nationality but engage in any activities without any restriction in Japan.
Naturalization: Foreigners who are willing to acquire Japanese nationality by giving up their nationality.
A person is of good conduct (※1),
A person has sufficient assets or skills in order to make an independent living in Japan (※1), and
A foreigner’s permanent residence is regarded to be in accord with the interests of Japan;
A person has stayed in Japan for more than 10 years consecutively (※2).
A person has been never sentenced to be a fine or imprisonment.
A person fulfills public duties such as tax payment including health insurance and pension payment.
A person fulfills duties to give notifications to the Regional Immigration Services Bureau (※4).
If an applicant does not currently hold the "highly skilled professionals" but satisfy the following condition, he/she is still eligible to apply for the permanent resident earlier.
applicant has/had a total score of 70 points (*1) or more according to the point calculation table and has been staying in Japan for over 3 years, or
applicant has/had a total score of 80 points (*2) or more according to the point calculation table and has been staying in Japan for over one year.
(*1) Applicant needs to have a score of 70 points or more at 3 years before the date of the application and on the date of filing application for the permanent residence.
(*2) Applicant needs to have a score of 80 points or more at 1 year before the date of the application and on the date of filing application for the permanent residence.
Even a foreign national who has continuously stayed in Japan for more than one year as a highly skilled professional with 80 points or more is granted permission for permanent residence, his/her spouse and children will not be granted permission for permanent residence at the same time. They will be eligible to apply for permanent residence after they have continuously lived in Japan for more than 3 years. Therefore, they have to change their status of residence from the "Dependent" to the "Spouse or Child of Permanent Resident" for his/her spouse and "Long-Term Resident" for children after highly skilled professional is granted permission for permanent residence.
Status of Residence: Spouse or Child of Japanese National, Long Term Resident, etc.
(※2) & (※3)
2015 - 2019
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※ If a current status of residence expires during an examination period of permanent resident (i.e., the residual period of less than 3 months when applying), a foreigner needs to separately apply for its extension of period of stay. The "special exception on the period of stay" does not apply in this case.